1. Right-click the Windows Start Menu. Choose Command Prompt (Admin).
    1. If you don’t see Command Prompt listed, it’s because you have already been updated to a later version of Windows.  If so, use this method instead to get to the Command Prompt:
      1. Click the Start Button and type cmd
      2. Right-click the result and select Run as administrator
  2. Type this command and press ENTER: bcdedit /set {current} safeboot minimal
    1. If this command does not work for you, try bcdedit /set safeboot minimal
  3. Restart the computer and enter BIOS Setup (the key to press varies between systems).
  4. Change the SATA Operation mode to AHCI from either IDE or RAID (again, the language varies).
  5. Save changes and exit Setup and Windows will automatically boot to Safe Mode.
  6. Right-click the Windows Start Menu once more. Choose Command Prompt (Admin).
  7. Type this command and press ENTER: bcdedit /deletevalue {current} safeboot
    1. If you had to try the alternate command above, you will likely need to do so here also: bcdedit /deletevalue safeboot
  8. Reboot once more and Windows will automatically start with AHCI drivers enabled.

Refer: http://triplescomputers.com/blog/uncategorized/solution-switch-windows-10-from-raidide-to-ahci-operation/

这几天发现好多HEVC的视频居然在Win10 Explorer里面没有缩略图,一查才发现居然Win10没有自带HEVC解码器。

到微软商店一搜,HEVC Video Extensions,居然还要卖钱。微软真是…. 都不知怎么形容了。

网上搜了下,发现其实微软商店里面还有个HEVC Video Extensions from Device Manufacturer。这个是免费的,而且功能一模一样。

额… 还能说什么呢…




rm -rf backup.3
mv backup.2 backup.3
mv backup.1 backup.2
cp -al backup.0 backup.1
rsync -a --delete source_directory/ backup.0/






    1. Adobe Media Encoder
    2. Any Video Converter Free
    3. Handbrake

Here are steps to setup a user and allow the user access only via FTP (i.e. no SSH) and also limit access to a specific (user home) directory on proftpd:

1. Add new user: adduser newusername
2. Set password: passwd newusername
3. Modify user home directory from default to a new folder:

usermod -d /target/directory username

4. Edit shells file: vi /etc/shells and add /dev/null at the end
5. Modify newusername entry in the passwd file: vi /etc/passwd to add /./ before the newusername so that the entry looks like this:


6. Edit /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf file and uncomment the line DefaultRoot ~

grep -rnw '/path/to/somewhere/' -e 'pattern'
  • -r or -R is recursive,
  • -n is line number, and
  • -w stands for match the whole word.
  • -l (lower-case L) can be added to just give the file name of matching files.

Along with these, --exclude--include--exclude-dir flags could be used for efficient searching:

  • This will only search through those files which have .c or .h extensions:
    grep --include=\*.{c,h} -rnw '/path/to/somewhere/' -e "pattern"
  • This will exclude searching all the files ending with .o extension:
    grep --exclude=*.o -rnw '/path/to/somewhere/' -e "pattern"
  • For directories, it’s possible to exclude a particular directory(ies) through --exclude-dirparameter. For example, this will exclude the dirs dir1/, dir2/ and all of them matching *.dst/:
    grep --exclude-dir={dir1,dir2,*.dst} -rnw '/path/to/somewhere/' -e "pattern"

This works very well for me, to achieve almost the same purpose like yours.

For more options check man grep